|| ccTLD Frequently Asked Questions

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|| Ascension Island - .ac  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

DNS Zone:

  • Min NameServers Hosting Domain: 2
  • Max NameServers Hosting Domain: 4
  • DNS Zone file updates: Twice a day
  • DNS Pre-Registration Is Required: Yes

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain name registration itself.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.ac

Additional Information To Be Collected from the Registrant: State and postcode are both required fields and must be included prior to submission to Name Store.

Note: The Administrative contact must be the Registrant. The Registry will email a copy of the data used to register each domain name directly to the Registrant for informational purposes only.

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|| Antigua and Barbuda - .ag, com.ag, net.ag, org.ag  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.ag

Note: Terms and Conditions at www.nic.ag/terms.htm

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|| Armenia - .am  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: Geographical names, widely-known acronyms and abbreviations and generic terms may not be registered as a domain name

Falsification of Whois information can be grounds for cancellation of the domain name registration with no refund of registration fees.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th before the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.am

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|| Austria - .at  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions. Purely numeric strings are not accepted.

The AT NIC does not allow PO Box address for contacts.

DNS Zones: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and for the life of the registration

Renewals: Type 2 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th before the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Note: The Austrian Nic sends an email directly to the Registrant providing them with a link to an area on the Nic AT website where they can download a Registration Certificate. If the Registrants address is Austrian or German, the email text is in German. If the Registrants email address is anywhere else, the email text is in English

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.at

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|| Belgium - .be  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: GNo naming restrictions

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: The registry requires the losing registrar to provide, in writing, confirmation that they have at least contacted the registrants to advise them. During the bulk transfer process you may incur some fees directly from BE NIC

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.dns.be

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|| China--.cn, .com.cn,.net.cn,.org.cn   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies:

Registrants of .CN domains must comply to the General Terms and Conditions of CNNIC. General CN Polices www.cnnic.cn

China Internet Domain Name Regulations http://cnnic.com.cn/html/Dir/2005/03/24/2861.htm

CNNIC Internet Domain Name Registration Administration http://www.cnnic.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1522.htm

CNNIC Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy http://cnnic.com.cn/html/Dir/2003/12/12/1977.htm

Rules for CNNIC Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy http://cnnic.com.cn/html/Dir/2003/12/12/1980.htm

Prohibited Uses for .cn domain name. Registrant may not register or use a domain name that is deemed by CNNIC to: -Be against the basic principles prescribed in the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China ("PRC"); -Jeopardize national security, leak state secrets, intend to overturn the government, or disrupt of state integrity of the PRC; -Harm national honor and national interests of the PRC; -Instigate hostility or discrimination between different nationalities, or disrupt the national solidarity of the PRC; -Violate the PRC's religion policies or propagate cult and feudal superstition; -Spread rumours, disturb public order or disrupt social stability of the PRC; -Spread pornography, obscenity, gambling, violence, homicide, terror or instigate crimes in the PRC; -Insult, libel against others and infringe other people's legal rights and interests in the PRC; or -Take any other action prohibited in laws, rules and administrative regulations of the PRC

Please be aware that if CNNIC's policies are not adhered to then they may request us to delete the domain name.

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|| Germany - .de  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The Registrant must have a German address. If the Registrant does not have a German address, the administrative contact must. In this case, Registrar provides an administrative contact with a German address. If you wish to use this option, the "use proxy" flag must be set. The Registrant may not use the names of other top-level domains (e.g., arpa, .com, .edu, .gov, .int, .net,. nato, .mil, .org, and all country-related TLDs) or German automobile identification numbers as domain names. Purely numeric strings are not accepted. The administrative contact must be an individual. Business type administrative contacts will be rejected. Fax number is a required field For more information, refer to the following URL: http://www.denic.de/doc/faq/vergaberichtlinie.en.html

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration. The SOA (Start of Authority) Refresh value must be between 10000 and 86400 seconds, the SOA expiry values must be between 604800 and 3600000, the Retry value between 1800 and 28800 seconds, and the Time to Live (TTL) value between 180 and 345600. The domain must have an MX record, which resolves to a valid mail server for the life of the domain registration, not just for the registration itself. Note your DNS servers must be located on 2 separate class C networks.

Bulk Transfers: You will be charged the registration fee for each DE transfer but the term will extend one year from the transfer date.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.denic.de Local Presence Service Terms and Conditions: If a Registrant opts to use the Local Presence Service for the DENIC domain name(s) ("DENIC Domain(s)") registered by Merchant, Merchant agrees (a) to respond to a request by Registrar related to the DENIC Domain(s) within twenty-four 24) hours and take all reasonable steps to assist Registrar in addressing any inquiry from DENIC, dispute, and/or third-party claim related to the DENIC Domain(s); (b) that Registrar shall have the right to contact any Registrant of DENIC Domain(s) to address any inquiry from DENIC, dispute, and/or third-party claim related to the DENIC Domain(s); and (c) to cause Registrants of DENIC Domain(s) to agree, or Merchant as an agent of such Registrant shall agree, to the terms and conditions below.

1. Registrant hereby requests and authorizes Registrar to list an individual designated by Registrar as administrative contact for the requested DENIC Domain(s).

2. Registrant acknowledges and agrees that Registrar may, without any liability to Registrant or any third-party, take such steps as in the opinion of Registrar are necessary in order to limit Registrar's and/or the designated administrative contact's liability related to, directly or indirectly, the DENIC Domain(s); (b) comply with any laws, regulations or other legal requirements; and/or (c) address any inquiry from DENIC, dispute, and/or third-party claim related to the DENIC Domain(s). Such actions may include, but are not limited to, (d) canceling the registration of the DENIC Domain name(s), (e) redirecting the DENIC Domain(s) to an alternate IP address, (f) allowing the registration of the DENIC Domains(s) to lapse (g) transferring the registration to an individual or entity which is awarded the registration through any court proceeding, arbitration, or by DENIC, (h) settling any and all third party claims, whether threatened or made, arising out of Registrant's use of the DENIC domains, and/or (i) terminating the Local Presence Service.

3. REGISTRANT ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT Registrar SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO REGISTRANT OR ANY THIRD-PARTY RELATED TO, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, THE LOCAL PRESENCE SERVICES AND/OR THE EXERCISE OF ANY OF ITS RIGHTS UNDER THE LOCAL PRESENCE SERVICE TERMS AND CONDITIONS. THIS LIMITATION APPLIES REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THE ALLEGED LIABILITY IS BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, WARRANTY, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY OR ANY OTHER BASIS, EVEN IF Registrar HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR SUCH DAMAGES WERE REASONABLY FORESEEABLE. BECAUSE CERTAIN JURISDICTIONS DO NOT PERMIT THE LIMITATION OR ELIMINATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, Registrar'S LIABILITY IN SUCH JURISDICTIONS SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE GREATEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW.

4. Registrant agrees to release, defend, indemnify and hold harmless Registrar, its parent companies, subsidiaries, affiliates, shareholders, agents, directors, officers and employees and the individual designated as administrative contact for the DENIC Domain(s), from and against any and all claims, demands, liabilities, losses, damages or costs, including reasonable attorney's fees, arising out of or related in any way to the Local Presence Services, the DENIC Domain(s), and/or Registrant's use of the DENIC Domain(s).

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|| European Union - .eu  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: Names must meet the following technical requirements:

  • Minimum of 2 characters selected among the letters a to z in standard Latin script, the digits 0 to 9 and the hyphen (-)
  • Maximum of 63 characters (not including the .eu suffix)
  • Not beginning or ending with a hyphen (-)
  • Not containing a hyphen (-) in the 3rd and 4 th positions
  • Not exclusively consisting of an alpha-2 country code
    The following categories of companies, organizations, and individuals will be able to register a .eu domain name:
  • Undertakings having their registered office, central administration, or principal place of business within the European Community, or
  • Organizations established within the European Community without prejudice to the application of national law, or
  • Natural residents within the European Community

Domain Name Availability: A domain name is available for registration when:

  • it is not already registered as a Domain Name;
  • it is not reserved, blocked or notified to the Registry as "not registrable" in accordance with the Public Policy Rules, unless provided for otherwise therein;
  • it has not been applied for during the Phased Registration Period, unless it has been made available by the Registry in accordance with the Sunrise Rules;
Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2006; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2006

Transfers: The Registry will confirm receipt of a transfer request by sending the Registrant an e-mail containing a code enabling the Registrant to confirm or reject the transfer request via the Website of the Registry. If the Registrant fails to confirm the change of Registrar via the Website of the Registry within seven (7) calendar days, Registrar will contact the new Registrar appointed by the Registrant via e-mail. The new Registrar will be informed that the transfer shall only take effect if the Registrant confirms the request by means of a duly signed fax message or confirmation via the Website of the Registry within seven (7) calendar days. If the Registry fails to receive confirmation from the Registrant within this seven-day period, the initiated transfer will be automatically cancelled. Upon successful completion of transfer, the domain name will be renewed at the Registry for a 1-year term

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.eurid.eu

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|| Federal State of Micronesia -.fm  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The minimum character length of the domain is 3

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 -A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.BRSMedia.fm http://dot.fm/policy.html

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|| South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands -.gs   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The minimum character length of the domain is 3.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th before the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.adamsnames.com

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|| British Indian Ocean Territory - .io  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No Naming Restrictions.

DNS Zone:Min NameServers Hosting Domain 2 Max NameServers Hosting Domain 4 DNS Zone file updates Twice a day DNS Pre-Registration Is Required Yes.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.io

Additional Information To Be Collected from the Registrant: State and postcode are both required fields and must be included prior to submission to Name Store.

Note: The Administrative contact must be the Registrant. The Registry will email a copy of the data used to register each domain name directly to the Registrant for informational purposes only.

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|| India-.in, .co.in, .net.in, .org.in   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 5 years

Restrictions: A list of reserved names can be found at http://www.inregistry.in/policies/reserved_names

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.inregistry.in

Note:The maximum length for the .IN email address is 128 characters. A generic poll failure message will be returned should the email address exceed the limit.

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|| Italy - .it   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Individuals may register 1 domain name. Companies can register multiple domain names but must supply a tax registration number.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 years

Restrictions: All registrants must live in the European Union. Austria Germany Luxembourg Belgium Great Britain The Netherlands Denmark Greece Portugal Finland Ireland Spain France Italy Sweden. The Registrant and the Administrative Contact's names may not be abbreviated.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Reserved Name List: For domain names that cannot be registered go to http://www.nic.it/NA/nomi-riservati-curr-engl.txt. DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration. MX records must be set for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just for the domain registration itself.

Renewals: Type 1 -AA Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.it A faxed, paper form must accompany all Create Registration commands - Registrar deals with this requirement on your behalf.

Note:TTo cancel a .IT domain, the .IT Registry requires a cancellation form to be faxed by either the Administrative Contact or the Legal Contact. Details on cancellations can be found at http://www.nic.it/RA/en/domini/cancella.html

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|| Japan - .jp   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The Registrant must have a Japanese local presence with a home or office address.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Reserved Name List: Refer to "Reserved Domain Names in the General-use JP Domain Names" at the following URL: http://www.nic.ad.jp/dotjp/doc/dotjp-reserved.html

Renewals: Type 2 -A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Additional Information To Be Collected from the Registrant: The Registrar must choose from the following list of Japanese Prefecture codes and submit this information with its order. Prefecture codes are defined as follows:

  • 01 = Hokkaido
  • 02 = Aomori
  • 03 = Iwate
  • 04 = Miyagi
  • 05 = Akita
  • 06 = Yamagata
  • 13 = Tokyo
  • 14 = Kanagawa
  • 15 = Niigata
  • 16 = Toyama
  • 17 = Ishikawa
  • 18 = Fukui
  • 25 = Shiga
  • 26 = Kyoto
  • 27 = Osaka
  • 28 = Hyogo
  • 29 = Nara
  • 30 = Wakayama
  • 37 = Kagawa
  • 38 = Ehime
  • 39 = Kouchi
  • 40 = Fukuoka
  • 41 = Saga
  • 42 = Nagasaki

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://jprs.jp

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|| Lao People's Democratic Republic -.la   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The minimum character length of the domain is 2.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Reserved Name List: Refer to "Reserved Domain Names in the General-use JP Domain Names" at the following URL: http://www.nic.ad.jp/dotjp/doc/dotjp-reserved.html

Renewals: Type 1 -A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.lanames.la/terms/

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|| Mexico - .com.mx  
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 2 years
Maximum Term: 2 years

Restrictions: TNo naming restrictions Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date. DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain name registration itself.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Reserved Name List: Refer to "Reserved Domain Names in the General-use JP Domain Names" at the following URL: http://www.nic.ad.jp/dotjp/doc/dotjp-reserved.html

Renewals: Type 2 -A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.nic.mx

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|| Montserrat -.ms   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.adamsnames.com

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|| Netherlands - .nl   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The .NL Registry does not allow PO Box address for the registrant.

Reserved Name List: For domain names that cannot be registered go to http://www.domain registry.nl/sidn_english/flat/.nl_Domain_names/Applications/Reserved_domain_names/index.shtml

DNS Zone:Min NameServers Hosting DomainMax NameServers Hosting Domain DNS Zone file updates DNS Pre-Registration Is Required. 2 4 Mon- Fri Daily between 7am and 8am (CET). Each domain shall have a primary nameservers and one secondary nameserver. DNS checks: 1. The ns records of the zone file shall contain at least the stated nameservers 2. Primary nameserver according to the NMAME field of the SOA record shall be identical to that in the NS record and in accordance with the statement 3. SOA, NS and MX records may refer to objects with an A record only, not to objects with a CNAME record 4. The zone file shall contain an MX record (or an A record) for the domain proper 5. Fallback MX records may not refer to 3rd parties without permission being granted by those third parties; in case of doubt the NL zone file manager can verify this with the third party in question 6. According to the standards a glue (A) record is incorporated in the NL zone file for each nameserver host at any sub domain level under the .nl domain; if a nameserver for a domain is operated from a host of the participant involved, the host name as it is known with the participant shall be included in the zone file and the statement; the domain name in question may not be included in the zone file, to prevent pollution of the nl zone file by unnecessary glue records as well as problems in case the IP address of such a nameserver host should change.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.domain-registry.nl A faxed, paper form must accompany all Create Registration commands - Registrar deals with this requirement on your behalf.

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|| New Zealand -- .co.nz, .org.nz, .net.nz   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: AAvailable to individuals and businesses. Registrant must be an identifiable individual over 18 years of age or a properly constituted organization. .co.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations pursuing commercial aims and purposes; .net.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations and service providers directly related to the NZ Internet; .org.nz domain names are primarily for Not-for-profit organizations.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

DNS Zone:Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain name registration itself.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.domainz.net.nz

Note: The Registrant contact email addresses will be defaulted to Registrar. The Reseller is obliged to inform the Registrant of this in their Terms and Conditions.

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|| Niue --.nu   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals and businesses. Registrant must be an identifiable individual over 18 years of age or a properly constituted organization. .co.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations pursuing commercial aims and purposes; .net.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations and service providers directly related to the NZ Internet; .org.nz domain names are primarily for Not-for-profit organizations.

Minimum Term: 2 years
Maximum Term: 2 years

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.nic.nu

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|| Poland --.pl, .com.pl, .net.pl, .org.pl, .info.pl, .biz.pl   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain name registration itself.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.dns.pl

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|| Seychelles -- .sc, .com.sc, .net.sc, .org.sc   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: All one and two character domain name registrations are reserved under .sc e.g. ab.sc, 12.sc

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.nic.sc

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|| St. Helena-- .sh   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No Naming Restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain name.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.sh

Additional Information To Be Collected from the Registrant: State and postcode are both required fields and must be included prior to submission to Name Store.

Note: The Administrative contact must be the Registrant. The Registry will email a copy of the data used to register each domain name directly to the Registrant for informational purposes only.

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|| Taiwan-- com.tw/.org.tw   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: AAvailable to individuals and businesses. Registrant must be an identifiable individual over 18 years of age or a properly constituted organization. .co.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations pursuing commercial aims and purposes; .net.nz domain names are primarily for Organizations and service providers directly related to the NZ Internet; .org.nz domain names are primarily for Not-for-profit organizations.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies:Registrants of .TW Domains must comply to the General Terms and Conditions of .TW Domains General Policies: http://www.twnic.net.tw Supervision and Guidance Regulation for Internet Protocol (IP) Address and Domain Name Registration and Management Services currently at http://www.twnic.net.tw/file/ip0320.htm Guidelines for Administration of Domain Name Registration currently at http://www.twnic.net.tw/english/dn/dn_02.htm Guidelines for Authorization of Domain Name Registration Services, currently at http://www.twnic.net.tw/english/dn/dn_07.htm TWNIC Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, currently at http://www.twnic.net.tw/english/dn/dn_04.htm Rules for TWNIC Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, currently at http://www.twnic.net.tw/english/dn/dn_04a.htm

Note: The maximum length for the .TW contact name is 65 characters. This includes the spaces, first, last & middle name. A generic poll failure message will be returned should the contact name exceed the character limitation.

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|| Turks and Caicos Islands --.tc   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://adamsnames.com/register/terms.txt

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|| Tokelau --.tk   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 2 years
Maximum Term: 2 years

Restrictions: No naming restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.dot.tk

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|| Turkmenistan - .tm   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 10 years
Maximum Term: 10 years

Restrictions: Single or two letter of number domain names are not allowed for registration. Two letter ISO 3166 country codes and Country names are reserved.

Reserved Name List: http://www.nic.tm/local.html

DNS Zone: Hosts submitted for registration must be authoritative for the domain prior to registration and must be for the life of the domain name registration, not just the domain.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: www.nic.tm

Additional Information To Be Collected from the Registrant: State and postcode are both required fields and must be included prior to submission to Name Store.

Note: The Administrative contact must be the Registrant. The Registry will email a copy of the data used to register each domain name directly to the Registrant for informational purposes only.

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|| United Kingdom - .org.uk, me.uk, co.uk   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 2 years
Maximum Term: 2 years

Restrictions: No Naming Restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 1 A Delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the renewal month. e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th August 2005.

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.nominet.org.uk

Note: The .UK Registry will post a letter to the Registrant direct containing a Registration Certificate. The Registrant may receive a renewal notice via e-mail from the .UK Registry. Detailed Business Rules and Policies

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|| British Virgin Islands -.vg   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: No Naming Restrictions.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://adamsnames.com/register/terms.txt

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|| Western Samoa --.ws   
Availability and Restrictions Summary

Availability: Available to individuals, businesses, organizations and institutions.

Minimum Term: 1 year
Maximum Term: 1 year

Restrictions: The .WS registry maintains an unpublished reserved list.

Deletion Rule: When a delete request is received, the request will be queued until the expiration/renewal date.

Renewals: Type 2 A delete must be received before 12.00 a.m. EST on the 25th of the month before the renewal month e.g. Renewal due 14th August 2005; Delete must be received before 12.00 am EST 25th July 2005.

Bulk Transfers: Not fully supported. Please contact your account manager or Customer Service

Detailed Business Rules and Policies: http://www.website.ws